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uk average temperature

uk average temperature

Parts of the United Kingdom have had drought problems in recent years, particularly in 2004-2006 and more recently in 2018. Get monthly, daily, and hourly graphical reports of the average weather: daily highs and lows, rain, clouds, wind, etc. The most rain recorded to fall on a single day was 279 mm at Martinstown (Dorset) on 18 July 1955,[50] but also 243 mm fell at Bruton, Somerset on 28 June 1917. More recently, there was a disruptive snow event between 26 and 29 April 2016 across much of Northern England and Scotland, which was unusually the only significant snow event of the winter 2015/16. Harvey J. E. Rodda, Max A. Average monthly hours of sunshine over the year Sunshine totals in every month are more than those of Scotland, but less than those of the rest of Great Britain. [85], Below is a list of the highest and lowest daily maximum temperatures recorded in the UK. A very severe storm also affected the UK on 27 October 2002. Northern areas are generally cooler and wetter, and have slightly larger temperature ranges than southern areas. If the rectal temperature is 100.4 degrees or higher, they are considered to have a fever. Who snorkels the fastest through a swampy ditch in a crazy outfit:The World Bog Snorkeling Championship. The summer of 1976 or 2018, for example, experienced temperatures as high as 35 °C (95 °F), and it was so dry the country suffered drought and water shortages.[66]. Climate data and weather averages in London. In London, the summers are short, comfortable, and partly cloudy and the winters are long, very cold, windy, and mostly cloudy. Towards the later part of the season the weather usually stabilises with less wind, less precipitation and lower temperatures. Especially potent storm systems typically affect the UK during autumn and winter, with the winters of 1989/1990 and 2013/2014 particularly notable for the frequency and potency of storm systems. If the air masses are strong enough in their respective areas during the summer, there can sometimes be a large difference in temperature between the far north of Scotland (including its islands) and the south-east of England – often a difference of 10-15 °C (18-27 °F) but sometimes as much as 20 °C (36 °F) or more. [70] Heavy rain also fell between 20 and 25 June in 2007; some areas experienced a month's rainfall in one day. In fact, the winter of 1995/1996 was the only one which was defined as below average in terms of the UK as a whole, although February 1991 saw heavy snowfall and January 1997 was cold in the South. Some events such as the Great Storm of 1987 occurred near to the UK and caused damage in England. The temperature varies with the seasons but seldom drops below -10 degrees Celsius (14.0° Fahrenheit) or rises above 35 degrees Celsius (95° Fahrenheit). Each selected city will show you the following graphs: The all-time record in the UK still stands at 38.5C recorded at … [50] The English counties of Essex, Cambridgeshire - as well as parts of North Yorkshire, the East Riding of Yorkshire, Suffolk and Norfolk - are amongst the driest in the UK, with an average annual rainfall of around 600 millimetres (23.6 in). On average, the temperature ranges from 18 to 25 °C (64 to 77 °F). The warmest month in the UK is often July. Autumns since 2000 have generally been very mild, with notable extremes of precipitation; the UK has seen some of its wettest and driest autumns since the millennium. The wettest month is August with an average of 65mm of rain. [50] Areas of high elevation tend to have higher wind speeds than low elevations, and Great Dun Fell in Cumbria (at 857 m or 2,812 ft) averaged 114 days of gale a year during the period 1963 to 1976. Warmth in spring depends almost entirely on the strength of the sun, and can trigger thunderstorms and downpours. While some of this may be due to a recovery from the cooler period of climate mid 20th century (particularly the 1960s) the last 20 years has nonetheless seen an unprecedented level of warm weather. [76] Although most tornadoes are weak, there are occasional destructive events, for example, the Birmingham tornado of 2005 and the London tornado of 2006. There is a fair chance of snow earlier in the season when temperatures are colder; often in March. Top Stories Video Slideshows Climate News Award-Winning Investigations Health & Activities Allergy Tracker Cold & Flu Water Scarcity Boat & Beach Forecast Gardening Forecast Air Quality Forecast [47], The average total annual sunshine in the United Kingdom is 1339.7 hours, which is just under 30% of the maximum possible (The maximum hours of sunshine possible in one year is approximately 4476 hours). Temperatures at night rarely drop below −10 °C (14 °F) and in the day rarely rise above 15 °C (59 °F). Norwich, Norfolk, United Kingdom - Monthly weather averages including average high and low Temperature, Precipitation, Pressure, Wind Charts to assist you in planning your travel, holiday or an outdoor activity at Norwich, United Kingdom Four people died in the flooding and over £1.5 billion of damage to businesses and properties was caused. (Weather station: Hereford, Credenhill, United Kingdom). This is a list of cities by average temperature (monthly and yearly). Temperatures below freezing are not unusual in March, even in the south of the UK. Average monthly precipitation over the year (rainfall, snow) Average hours of sunshine in winter range from 38–108 hours in some mountainous areas and western Scotland, up to 217 hours in the south and east of England;[51] while average hours of sunshine in summer range from 294–420 hours in northern Scotland and Northern Ireland, to 600–760 hours in southern English coastal counties. This is due to a mild rainshadow effect, due to mountainous parts of the South West, Wales and Cumbria blocking the moist airflow across the country to the east. The subsided, dry air often results in clear skies and few clouds, bringing frosty nights in winter and warm days in the summer. Temperatures across the U.K. vary by only a few degrees from place to place. The tables give the normals for maximum and minimum daily temperatures based on weather data collected from 1981 to 2010. Very fortunately most tornadoes were short-lived and also weak (the strongest was around T5 on the TORRO Tornado Scale) and no deaths occurred. By the time the storm affected south-east England and the Netherlands, the surge had reached the height of 3.6 metres (12 ft). See more current weather × Annual Weather Averages Near Hereford. Frequently in the mountains potent depressions may move in from the north in the form of "polar lows", introducing heavy snow and often blizzard-like conditions to parts of the United Kingdom, particularly Scotland. The month saw temperatures below average, despite what was actually a very mild first half. The average temperatures at sea level are above freezing (0 °C or 32 °F) also in January, when they hover around 4/5 °C (39/41 °F) in the main cities, and reach 6 °C (43 °F) in the south-western tip of the country; in July, they range from 12 °C (53.5 °F) in northern Scotland to 18.5 °C (65.5 °F) in the London area. Norfolk is located directly at the sea and has a beautiful natural coastline with sandbanks and cliffs. [34] On 13 October 2018, temperatures reached 26.5 °C (79.7 °F) at Donna Nook in Lincolnshire, the latest in the year such a high temperature had been recorded. The high latitude and proximity to a large ocean to the west means that the United Kingdom experiences strong winds. As stated below, 27 May was the hottest day of the year in 2012 in most parts of the UK. [65], While the United Kingdom is not particularly noted for extreme weather, as the regions cool, oceanic climate is opposed to convective storms. Since the UK is always in or close to the path of the polar front jet stream, frequent changes in pressure and unsettled weather are typical. Near the coast, sea fog may develop in the spring and early summer. The following day the coldest maximum temperature in England, at −11.3 °C (11.7 °F), was recorded at the same site.[50]. The climate in the United Kingdom is defined as a temperate oceanic climate, or Cfb on the Köppen climate classification system, a classification it shares with most of north-west Europe. (CET was 9.7 °C (49.5 °F), this is warmer than even any March[44]). [25], Below is a list of the highest and lowest daily minimum temperatures recorded in the UK. Even further south, low temperatures can be recorded, with temperatures well below freezing as far south as Heathrow Airport on 29–31 October 1997, with a lower temperature than any recorded at this station in March, November or December 1997 and even the following January 1998; only on 2 and 4 February 1998 were lower temperatures recorded here that winter. [citation needed]. Some of the country's heaviest snowfalls of recent years have happened in the first half of March, and snow showers can occur infrequently until mid-April. All 74 lives were lost when a passenger train plunged from the Tay Bridge (Tayside) into the Tay Estuary, when the middle section of the bridge collapsed. In general the climate of the UK is cool and often cloudy and rainy, and high temperatures are infrequent. Radiation fog may develop over inland areas of Great Britain and can persist for hours or even days in the winter and can pose a major hazard for drivers and aircraft. [39] In zone 7, the average lowest temperature each year is between −17.7 and −12.3 °C (0.1 and 9.9 °F), and in zone 10, this figure is between −1.1 and 4.4 °C (30.0 and 39.9 °F).[40]. December 2015 was the wettest month ever recorded in the United Kingdom. The wettest month in Scotland is January; most months are wetter than other parts of the UK, except for the late spring to early autumn months. The most sunshine recorded in one month was 383.9 hours at Eastbourne (East Sussex) in July 1911.[50]. The lowest daily mean temperature during December 2015 at Heathrow Airport was 8.2 °C (46.8 °F) (on 9 December), comparable to the average daily high for the calendar month. The UK has had its hottest July day on record - with temperatures reaching 38.1C in Cambridge on Thursday. Average minimum and maximum temperature over the year Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 39°F to 74°F and is rarely below 30°F or above 84°F. Back in 1970, the average internal temperature of a home in the UK in the winter months was 12°C. On rare occasions, a type of supercell thunderstorm called the Spanish Plume forms over the country after very hot weather. The winter of 2017/18 was then much colder than average too. [84] Lower temperatures have been frequently reported at slightly more elevated stations. Extended periods of extreme weather, such as the droughts of 1975–1976, summer 2006, and spring 2012, the long hot summers of 1911, 1976, 2003 2006 and 2018, and the winters of 1946–1947, 1962–1963, 2009–2010, and 2010–2011 are often caused by blocking anti-cyclones which can persist for several days, weeks, or even months. Temperatures in these areas can rise to 15 °C (59 °F) in winter on rare occasions[64] This is a particularly notable event in northern Scotland, mainly Aberdeenshire, where these high temperatures can occur in midwinter when the sun only reaches about 10° above the horizon. Average monthly precipitation over the year (rainfall, snow) 3. The winter of 2008/09 produced the heaviest snowfall since 1991 between 1 and 3 February, and the winter of 2009-10 was even more severe, with many parts of the United Kingdom having the coldest and snowiest winters since 1978/79; temperatures plummeted to −22.3 °C (−8.1 °F) at Altnaharra, Sutherland – close to the −22.9 °C (−9.2 °F) recorded in Antarctica in the same period. In East Anglia it typically rains on about 113 days per year. Atlantic currents, warmed by the Gulf Stream, bring mild winters, especially in the west. Maximum temperatures are milder than in Wales from December to April, and milder than in England from December to February, but Northern Ireland is cooler during the rest of the year. C above normal. These warm ocean currents also bring substantial amounts of humidity which contributes to the notoriously wet climate that western parts of the UK experience. Select a city to see its average temperature, precipitation and hours of sunshine over the year. 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