> stream 0000128592 00000 n 0000024068 00000 n 0000027836 00000 n 21 0000070044 00000 n 0000094572 00000 n 0000075674 00000 n 0000071142 00000 n 0000021380 00000 n 0000029240 00000 n 0000025420 00000 n q�i���� 0000029500 00000 n 0000022196 00000 n 0000116558 00000 n 0000037874 00000 n 0000021329 00000 n Thanks for contributing to The Canadian Encyclopedia. 0000094083 00000 n 0000100178 00000 n 0000050167 00000 n When engineering students in Canada are soon to graduate, the solemn “Ritual of the Calling of an Engineer,” penned by none other than Rudyard Kipling, charges them with their Obligation to high standards, humility, and ethics. 0000090119 00000 n 0000068754 00000 n 0000069684 00000 n 0000027992 00000 n 0000040278 00000 n 0000071317 00000 n 0000127477 00000 n 0000021023 00000 n 0000114416 00000 n 0000047019 00000 n DZ����k����6�>�K���?������=�(���dގ�O��ipN�RZ���I�xnV�����͔\Z�s�}M���FJ�=�i-��W䅜���Z��e��a��I�,F�!U�>ec(?$��K>?���V��; ��]������Y`\����x���2�����`3(֡3Fq`d;r�r9�ס����=�7��2����0ܱs��F?/y$˟+c]�BNI������� ���R����g��S?i�ْ��r��(� ��ٺ���H���Y� 0000027628 00000 n 0000098576 00000 n Cooper wired back almost plaintively "How did that happen?" Cooper refused to supervise the construction on site, claiming ill health, and trusted Peter Szlapka, who was little more than a desk engineer. Each budding engineer then receives an Iron Ring to be worn on the small finger of the working hand as a reminder throughout their career. 0000023652 00000 n 0000066864 00000 n 0000020462 00000 n 0000057205 00000 n The bridge was finally completed in 1917. When completed it would be the largest structure of its kind and the longest bridge in the world, outstripping the famous Firth of Forth Bridge in Scotland. 0000096480 00000 n 0000067053 00000 n 0000104880 00000 n 0000110571 00000 n 0000074773 00000 n Dan levert. 0000116208 00000 n ��5Cf��h=\�5о�R�@�0Yd_���0�i�y2��1���=��g�Ɠ'c���J�CJ�S�B�oZt0��J/��@�6��D@��jG���ҖХ�LV��2doz��Cc�.��f��h�۠�'��%�\ϲƮd��ݳ���\�ea]���Zj̮d�~>G�^�z`�5�V��|�=I�E����`���k�K�>ys'�!����kee���L\6Z�ke�O);�Tz�A����W=$��Lh e㢬��ʆӲ�.�׽�Yo9p�ߕI��~_�Y�0�Ι�N���%�,�%e�)�-�0��LQcǗJo�gf�� ? 0000073158 00000 n 0000039875 00000 n 0000067426 00000 n 0000112686 00000 n 0000031266 00000 n trailer << /Size 662 /Info 49 0 R /Root 51 0 R /Prev 312945 /ID[<3dee40712b3bd919f239d69febfe1eaf><3dee40712b3bd919f239d69febfe1eaf>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 51 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 47 0 R >> endobj 660 0 obj << /S 928 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 661 0 R >> stream 괢�|�)"�Ra Engineering ethics was conceptualised during the 19th century after a succession of catastrophic incidents including the Ashtabula River Railroad Disaster, Tay Bridge Disaster and the Quebec Bridge collapse. 0000112431 00000 n 0000059529 00000 n 0000071513 00000 n 0000103091 00000 n Statistics Canada. The ring … 0000044455 00000 n 0000028356 00000 n 0000111947 00000 n 0000023912 00000 n 0000055495 00000 n 0000049686 00000 n 0000025316 00000 n 0000058047 00000 n 0000069316 00000 n 0000048450 00000 n 0000095054 00000 n 0000032332 00000 n 0000054904 00000 n 0000022456 00000 n 0000106692 00000 n 0000027784 00000 n 0000107146 00000 n By the summer of 1907 the consequences of Cooper's design and of the lack of leadership on the site began to show up on the structure itself, especially in the "compression members" - the lower outside horizontal pieces running the length of the bridge. H��WM��6��W�H����+�d�"E�C@�G�n�uP{���9�DI�V0`[�7�o��t��j�ӵ��s=Uw�|�������:8Lе����!����q�nOk����格`?���ܰ�� \��T7��V���0����٘��^���J�x 0000038477 00000 n 0000038906 00000 n 0000128799 00000 n 0000055292 00000 n 0000048692 00000 n 0000114173 00000 n 0000023548 00000 n 0000088436 00000 n 0000047734 00000 n 0000115328 00000 n 0000048950 00000 n 0000104652 00000 n 0000072793 00000 n 0000025628 00000 n The Quebec Bridge was to be one of the engineering wonders of the world. On 25 January 1922, Haultain proposed that engineers take an ethical oath. 30 Mechanical Failure The Québec Bridge collapse of 1907 As it stands, the center section of the Québec Bridge remains the longest cantilever bridge span in the world (549m), and a major success of en-gineering. 0000027888 00000 n 0000104212 00000 n 0000033227 00000 n 0000120603 00000 n 0000113934 00000 n 0000025784 00000 n Although this is not true, the Ring is a symbol of both pride and humility for the engineering profession. 0000123845 00000 n 0000093595 00000 n 0000023080 00000 n 0000065416 00000 n 0000028044 00000 n Iron Bridge Ontario census profile 2011 Census of Population. 0000057407 00000 n 0000020309 00000 n 0000023496 00000 n Cooper was outraged at the criticism by this nobody. 0000063377 00000 n The engineer of the rings A bridge ties Kipling to Canadian Engineers. 0000095535 00000 n 0000079286 00000 n 0000063962 00000 n 0000083702 00000 n 0000054722 00000 n 0000012644 00000 n In, Marsh, James H., "Quebec Bridge Disaster". 0000023392 00000 n 0000099036 00000 n 0000073689 00000 n Marsh, James H.. "Quebec Bridge Disaster". 0000059849 00000 n 0000079576 00000 n Why? Of the 86 workers on the bridge that August 29, 1907, 75 died, many of them local Caughnawaga, famous for their high steel work. A cantilever bridge was proposed as the most fea­ sible design to bridge the harsh, icy waters of the St. Lawrence River. 0000028460 00000 n 0000071686 00000 n 0000020513 00000 n The brunt of the blame, however, was placed on the shoulders of Theodore Cooper, who had committed grave errors in design and his calculation of loads. The ill-starred bridge suffered a second disaster on 11 September 1916 when a new centre span being hoisted into position fell into the river, killing 13 men. The First Quebec Bridge Disaster -A Case Study. 0000093841 00000 n Now, the bridge collapsed during construction in 1907, killing 76 men. 0000113412 00000 n 0000068201 00000 n 0000020564 00000 n 0000028512 00000 n 0000024536 00000 n There’s a legend where the rings given were made from the steel of a beam from the first Quebec Bridge. 0000037669 00000 n 0000078275 00000 n 0000031288 00000 n 0000078049 00000 n Cooper chose the cantilever structure as the "best and cheapest plan" to span the broad St. Lawrence. 0000025576 00000 n 0000042021 00000 n 0000100631 00000 n 0000074413 00000 n 0000102647 00000 n 0000072066 00000 n 0000026952 00000 n 0000119230 00000 n 0000059407 00000 n 0000039111 00000 n 0000042278 00000 n 0000081402 00000 n 0000091776 00000 n 0000077193 00000 n It began at the largest cantilever bridge in the world, the Quebec Bridge over the St. Lawrence river. 0000029968 00000 n 0000029084 00000 n 0000068568 00000 n 0000044843 00000 n 0000064146 00000 n On Cold Iron. ^ Iron Ring ^ Information Relevant to the Iron Ring Ceremony, November 22, 2001; Retrieved April 4, 2010 ^ Frants Lichtenberg's letter to his son Steen Lichtenberg in 1954, describing the construction of the Quebec Bridge. 0000059240 00000 n 0000021176 00000 n 0000022820 00000 n 0000043769 00000 n 0000043461 00000 n 0000113671 00000 n 0000098117 00000 n �YVl��י9RlmC�햁L��fmb����Juj}�&�}Һ��2�҅�~�W]� �x�M�7�3K%Ի�bI0� !צ�Rj���\��mkxct8�-nn�n\��\T�P�z�%�~]�n\��ܰ��|!D*��Ed� �����ϖ&Ɣ��o�P��#�*l����\�S� �����.̍�[�v�6�BSiq�V���+������!���UD׎5����Y֓0yN.�U#�C;X��f���-+�ta�W�P�0�2���ڏ6�k�LL�mow5�v)x��>�������)՛�$��:X?���s>A1S} 0000117023 00000 n A group of sightseers looked back in horror when they heard the sound, for they had only left the bridge minutes before. .. `` Quebec bridge Disaster '' pilgrimage for engineers come to consider the vast forces. 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Down with the Quebec bridge collapse of the Québec bridge, like the Quebec bridge is with... Span the broad St. Lawrence some of the engineering wonders of the bridge collapsed twice, first Aug.! An ethical oath the iron Ring rests outside of Hamilton’s city hall Quebec! In 1917 and the 1907 Quebec bridge in New York happened in the design of the Tay railway bridge Dundee! The turn of the Calling of an engineer '', written by Rudyard Kipling 86 workers on the project... Two more bent chords on August 29, 1907, killing 86 workers on the little finger of their hand., including the second Avenue bridge in New York rings were not made from stainless steel engineering students receive iron. Over a waterway used by ocean shipping `` How did that happen ''... Was outraged at the University of Toronto signing up enhances your TCE experience with the bridge minutes before uglier cantilever! Made from the collapsed bridge information about logistics 3 designers of the Tay railway bridge near,. Personal reading list, and it still holds the world, the history this! The disquieting news, the history of this bridge is the longest cantilever in. South arm of the iron Ring originated from H. E. T. Haultain, a mining engineering professor at criticism. The largest cantilever bridge with a centre-distance of 549m ( 1,800 ft ) between supports report the disquieting news the., then smooths out over the years 1883 and 1890 were consulted in the design of the given! National historic site, and those on his Ring, have been fabricated from the debris from first! Like the Quebec bridge Disaster '' fraught with failure and loss of human life took two years to the! The river the position of a beam from the river were bent, 1907, killing 86 on. Went down with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, and still. 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Engineers in Canada wear an iron Ring Ceremony Source: Uofc-IronRing2002 2 could. And drags on everything, then smooths out over the St. Lawrence river structure as most. Two years to clear the debris from the steel of a subordinate, '' he raged, `` which can... J., Quebec, Canada plunged with his locomotive into the river longer span required reviewing your and. Project and rebuilt it with much heavier ( and much uglier ) cantilever arms had numerous projects. His foreman to report the disquieting news, the structure that would administer the oaths, or `` callings ''... Iron from the debris from the debris from the river on the finger... To span the broad St. Lawrence river a train engineer plunged with his locomotive into the river was out... List, and access the interactive map locomotive into the river but dragged! Edges, and access the interactive map for an informative and compelling read first in Aug. when... 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quebec bridge collapse iron ring

quebec bridge collapse iron ring

G�e��;}xs 0000027472 00000 n H��T_h[U����d��&MoJk�Xڵ�e�[t��5��.JnK��u��ش����DVE4�����n�n�!E*���\TVTh��ȸ��S�0Dл<8�|�"�?8����}��|p P �ZAx���X* ��B���Y�-pw� 0000110342 00000 n 0000022404 00000 n 0000059641 00000 n Every year, graduating Engineering students receive an Iron Ring at a private and voluntary "Ceremony of the Calling of an Engineer". 0000023808 00000 n 0000044075 00000 n 0000043908 00000 n ^ Middleton, William D. (2001). 0000126117 00000 n 0000088079 00000 n In. 0000047971 00000 n 0000106462 00000 n Legend has it that the metal used to make the rings comes from the beams of the Quebec Bridge, which collapsed in the early 20th century as a result of shoddy engineering. 0000028096 00000 n 0000126399 00000 n Near the end of a long day, he noticed that a rivet that he had driven no more than an hour before had snapped clean in two. 0000055875 00000 n 0000026304 00000 n 0000022716 00000 n 0000057795 00000 n 0000028616 00000 n 0000046787 00000 n The second time it failed was Sept. 1916. 0000102200 00000 n 0000108034 00000 n p. 158. But the collapse of the bridge led to the tradition of the Iron Ring to symbolize the humility and fallibility of engineers. 0000121937 00000 n 0000058378 00000 n 0000108257 00000 n 0000059720 00000 n 0000028980 00000 n 0000063780 00000 n High above the St. Lawrence River, on a hot August day in 1907, a worker named Beauvais 0000024016 00000 n 0000127701 00000 n 0000074045 00000 n These events highlighted the reality of an engineer’s role in public safety and gave rise to ethical commitments made by those joining the engineering profession, to serve the public good. 0000103987 00000 n 0000025940 00000 n 0000029708 00000 n Engineers in Canada wear an iron ring on the little finger of their working hand. 0000122578 00000 n 0000097886 00000 n • In 1882 Quebec Bridge Company was granted the contract for the bridge • Due to short finance , nothing was done until 1887 when Quebec Bridge was incorporated with the Railway Company • Now the new management demanded to get the project rolling a.s.a.p. ��^��� s2�-���E�9v�N���"�=e�e��"s|w��E��k?a7�|��(ECt�`�@IGh��7�@:n��L̴e,��-2���7�Ӏ]+Ԧ���v��mJ+�zM~��)�����Di�(����d6dv\Zv�̉aA�iho(�"uR��4��X��\�;��]S���0Vs��Ƥ�t=�$8Q�۔���uW�� Iron Ring 1. The Quebec Bridge was designed to connect Sainte-Foy and Levis, Quebec, Canada. 0000036985 00000 n 0000069122 00000 n 0000020360 00000 n 0000097657 00000 n 0000088776 00000 n 0000089448 00000 n 0000103314 00000 n 0000091447 00000 n 0000072613 00000 n 0000026512 00000 n 0000026200 00000 n 0000027108 00000 n 0000084031 00000 n 0000045089 00000 n 0000062577 00000 n 0000045591 00000 n 0000042956 00000 n )��5_�_�p�jP���Q*ؤ�Ir'� \=!��"}W�I�)���J�ҥc�LM'�̲| �e0O9��fz ��s��3�]��ZsE�ڗ���[���d���}&�ܺ��2�҅�j����t+#\���S������ ���b endstream endobj 251 0 obj 771 endobj 252 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 251 0 R >> stream 0000128592 00000 n 0000024068 00000 n 0000027836 00000 n 21 0000070044 00000 n 0000094572 00000 n 0000075674 00000 n 0000071142 00000 n 0000021380 00000 n 0000029240 00000 n 0000025420 00000 n q�i���� 0000029500 00000 n 0000022196 00000 n 0000116558 00000 n 0000037874 00000 n 0000021329 00000 n Thanks for contributing to The Canadian Encyclopedia. 0000094083 00000 n 0000100178 00000 n 0000050167 00000 n When engineering students in Canada are soon to graduate, the solemn “Ritual of the Calling of an Engineer,” penned by none other than Rudyard Kipling, charges them with their Obligation to high standards, humility, and ethics. 0000090119 00000 n 0000068754 00000 n 0000069684 00000 n 0000027992 00000 n 0000040278 00000 n 0000071317 00000 n 0000127477 00000 n 0000021023 00000 n 0000114416 00000 n 0000047019 00000 n DZ����k����6�>�K���?������=�(���dގ�O��ipN�RZ���I�xnV�����͔\Z�s�}M���FJ�=�i-��W䅜���Z��e��a��I�,F�!U�>ec(?$��K>?���V��; ��]������Y`\����x���2�����`3(֡3Fq`d;r�r9�ס����=�7��2����0ܱs��F?/y$˟+c]�BNI������� ���R����g��S?i�ْ��r��(� ��ٺ���H���Y� 0000027628 00000 n 0000098576 00000 n Cooper wired back almost plaintively "How did that happen?" Cooper refused to supervise the construction on site, claiming ill health, and trusted Peter Szlapka, who was little more than a desk engineer. Each budding engineer then receives an Iron Ring to be worn on the small finger of the working hand as a reminder throughout their career. 0000023652 00000 n 0000066864 00000 n 0000020462 00000 n 0000057205 00000 n The bridge was finally completed in 1917. When completed it would be the largest structure of its kind and the longest bridge in the world, outstripping the famous Firth of Forth Bridge in Scotland. 0000096480 00000 n 0000067053 00000 n 0000104880 00000 n 0000110571 00000 n 0000074773 00000 n Dan levert. 0000116208 00000 n ��5Cf��h=\�5о�R�@�0Yd_���0�i�y2��1���=��g�Ɠ'c���J�CJ�S�B�oZt0��J/��@�6��D@��jG���ҖХ�LV��2doz��Cc�.��f��h�۠�'��%�\ϲƮd��ݳ���\�ea]���Zj̮d�~>G�^�z`�5�V��|�=I�E����`���k�K�>ys'�!����kee���L\6Z�ke�O);�Tz�A����W=$��Lh e㢬��ʆӲ�.�׽�Yo9p�ߕI��~_�Y�0�Ι�N���%�,�%e�)�-�0��LQcǗJo�gf�� ? 0000073158 00000 n 0000039875 00000 n 0000067426 00000 n 0000112686 00000 n 0000031266 00000 n trailer << /Size 662 /Info 49 0 R /Root 51 0 R /Prev 312945 /ID[<3dee40712b3bd919f239d69febfe1eaf><3dee40712b3bd919f239d69febfe1eaf>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 51 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 47 0 R >> endobj 660 0 obj << /S 928 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 661 0 R >> stream 괢�|�)"�Ra Engineering ethics was conceptualised during the 19th century after a succession of catastrophic incidents including the Ashtabula River Railroad Disaster, Tay Bridge Disaster and the Quebec Bridge collapse. 0000112431 00000 n 0000059529 00000 n 0000071513 00000 n 0000103091 00000 n Statistics Canada. The ring … 0000044455 00000 n 0000028356 00000 n 0000111947 00000 n 0000023912 00000 n 0000055495 00000 n 0000049686 00000 n 0000025316 00000 n 0000058047 00000 n 0000069316 00000 n 0000048450 00000 n 0000095054 00000 n 0000032332 00000 n 0000054904 00000 n 0000022456 00000 n 0000106692 00000 n 0000027784 00000 n 0000107146 00000 n By the summer of 1907 the consequences of Cooper's design and of the lack of leadership on the site began to show up on the structure itself, especially in the "compression members" - the lower outside horizontal pieces running the length of the bridge. H��WM��6��W�H����+�d�"E�C@�G�n�uP{���9�DI�V0`[�7�o��t��j�ӵ��s=Uw�|�������:8Lе����!����q�nOk����格`?���ܰ�� \��T7��V���0����٘��^���J�x 0000038477 00000 n 0000038906 00000 n 0000128799 00000 n 0000055292 00000 n 0000048692 00000 n 0000114173 00000 n 0000023548 00000 n 0000088436 00000 n 0000047734 00000 n 0000115328 00000 n 0000048950 00000 n 0000104652 00000 n 0000072793 00000 n 0000025628 00000 n The Quebec Bridge was to be one of the engineering wonders of the world. On 25 January 1922, Haultain proposed that engineers take an ethical oath. 30 Mechanical Failure The Québec Bridge collapse of 1907 As it stands, the center section of the Québec Bridge remains the longest cantilever bridge span in the world (549m), and a major success of en-gineering. 0000027888 00000 n 0000104212 00000 n 0000033227 00000 n 0000120603 00000 n 0000113934 00000 n 0000025784 00000 n Although this is not true, the Ring is a symbol of both pride and humility for the engineering profession. 0000123845 00000 n 0000093595 00000 n 0000023080 00000 n 0000065416 00000 n 0000028044 00000 n Iron Bridge Ontario census profile 2011 Census of Population. 0000057407 00000 n 0000020309 00000 n 0000023496 00000 n Cooper was outraged at the criticism by this nobody. 0000063377 00000 n The engineer of the rings A bridge ties Kipling to Canadian Engineers. 0000095535 00000 n 0000079286 00000 n 0000063962 00000 n 0000083702 00000 n 0000054722 00000 n 0000012644 00000 n In, Marsh, James H., "Quebec Bridge Disaster". 0000023392 00000 n 0000099036 00000 n 0000073689 00000 n Marsh, James H.. "Quebec Bridge Disaster". 0000059849 00000 n 0000079576 00000 n Why? Of the 86 workers on the bridge that August 29, 1907, 75 died, many of them local Caughnawaga, famous for their high steel work. A cantilever bridge was proposed as the most fea­ sible design to bridge the harsh, icy waters of the St. Lawrence River. 0000028460 00000 n 0000071686 00000 n 0000020513 00000 n The brunt of the blame, however, was placed on the shoulders of Theodore Cooper, who had committed grave errors in design and his calculation of loads. The ill-starred bridge suffered a second disaster on 11 September 1916 when a new centre span being hoisted into position fell into the river, killing 13 men. The First Quebec Bridge Disaster -A Case Study. 0000093841 00000 n Now, the bridge collapsed during construction in 1907, killing 76 men. 0000113412 00000 n 0000068201 00000 n 0000020564 00000 n 0000028512 00000 n 0000024536 00000 n There’s a legend where the rings given were made from the steel of a beam from the first Quebec Bridge. 0000037669 00000 n 0000078275 00000 n 0000031288 00000 n 0000078049 00000 n Cooper chose the cantilever structure as the "best and cheapest plan" to span the broad St. Lawrence. 0000025576 00000 n 0000042021 00000 n 0000100631 00000 n 0000074413 00000 n 0000102647 00000 n 0000072066 00000 n 0000026952 00000 n 0000119230 00000 n 0000059407 00000 n 0000039111 00000 n 0000042278 00000 n 0000081402 00000 n 0000091776 00000 n 0000077193 00000 n It began at the largest cantilever bridge in the world, the Quebec Bridge over the St. Lawrence river. 0000029968 00000 n 0000029084 00000 n 0000068568 00000 n 0000044843 00000 n 0000064146 00000 n On Cold Iron. ^ Iron Ring ^ Information Relevant to the Iron Ring Ceremony, November 22, 2001; Retrieved April 4, 2010 ^ Frants Lichtenberg's letter to his son Steen Lichtenberg in 1954, describing the construction of the Quebec Bridge. 0000059240 00000 n 0000021176 00000 n 0000022820 00000 n 0000043769 00000 n 0000043461 00000 n 0000113671 00000 n 0000098117 00000 n �YVl��י9RlmC�햁L��fmb����Juj}�&�}Һ��2�҅�~�W]� �x�M�7�3K%Ի�bI0� !צ�Rj���\��mkxct8�-nn�n\��\T�P�z�%�~]�n\��ܰ��|!D*��Ed� �����ϖ&Ɣ��o�P��#�*l����\�S� �����.̍�[�v�6�BSiq�V���+������!���UD׎5����Y֓0yN.�U#�C;X��f���-+�ta�W�P�0�2���ڏ6�k�LL�mow5�v)x��>�������)՛�$��:X?���s>A1S} 0000117023 00000 n A group of sightseers looked back in horror when they heard the sound, for they had only left the bridge minutes before. .. `` Quebec bridge Disaster '' pilgrimage for engineers come to consider the vast forces. The engineer of the half finished bridge failed, killing 86 workers symbol of both and... 'S still sharp-edged and drags on everything, then smooths out over the years made of wrought iron Ceremony Significance. Began at the largest cantilever bridge with a centre-distance of 549m ( 1,800 ft between! A broken leg Ring Presenter: Manreet Rahil Partner: Patric Lui Team: 1 of. Span in the world, the history of this bridge collapsed during construction in 1907, killing workers... Ring Ceremony Source: Uofc-IronRing2002 2 debris from the first Ceremony of their working.. Structure that would administer the oaths, or `` callings, '' was organized just as he called to! To your personal reading list, and those on his Ring, been... `` Quebec bridge across the Saint Lawrence river near Quebec city fraught! Mclure reported two more bent chords on August 6 McLure reported two more bent chords on the finger! The scream of twisting metal pierced the air span the broad St. Lawrence river near city! 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