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In case something happens to you and you need a doctor, don´t worry Ecuadors Healthcare system is ranked 20th in the World. Population: 16,498,502 (July 2018 est.) Discover best places to visit and things to do. It includes the Pacific archipelago of the Galapagos Islands (Archipiélago de Colón). http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/countries/ecuador-fact/, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ec.html, http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/countries/ecuador/, http://www.encyclopedia.com/places/latin-america-and-caribbean/south-american-political-geography/ecuador, http://www.cnn.com/2015/05/01/travel/ecuador-11-things/. The people of Ecuador are very relaxed, and always love to meet tourists. Quito, capital of Ecuador, escorted by high volcanoes and formed by streets, broken and rocks where the houses become engraved like ooking for a solid shelter, are a city where people try to conserve her colorful traditions.. Quito is located on a horizontal strip of land running north to south between beautiful mountains. Indians, over thousands of years, have developed effective methods for the fertilization of these soils, including the use of manure, the mounding of fertilizing muck from drainage ditches, the creation of raised fields, and the use of irrigation canals. The Sierra includes two high mountain chains and their western and eastern foothills. Ecuador has a developing economy that is highly dependent on commodities, namely petroleum and agricultural products. ‘Cuy’, or whole roasted guinea pigs are a local delicacy. The country also exports coffee and flowers. The second largest island is Santa Cruz. There is an estimate of 16,087 plant species in Ecuador, including ferns and plants with seeds, of these 15,306 species are native and 4,173 are endemic. Economically, Ecuador became known for exporting Panama hats (straw hats so named because they were shipped to Panama in the mid-18th century and bought by traveling gold seekers and because they were worn by Panama Canal work crews in the early 19th century) and agricultural products, notably cacao (the source of cocoa beans), bananas, and flowers. The official currency of Ecuador is the United States dollar. Ecuador is a small country located in South America. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It is bordered in the north by Columbia, on the east and south by Peru and by the Pacific Ocean on the west. Daily flights are available to all major cities. The country is classified as an upper-middle-income country. Grasses and epiphytes are the most diverse in Ecuador. 14. Since gaining its independence in 1830, it has thrived as a constitutional republic. Ecuador's culture includes a mix of indigenous and European influence. Is the capital of Brazil known for its architecture? This dispute was so long that it spanned generations! Check out interesting Ecuador facts and information about this West South American country with our fact file for kids. Then download our printable flags and colouring flag. Ecuador provides the majority of the world’s balsa wood. In the Amazon basin, soils have not been fully studied and mapped; nevertheless, it appears that soils there are quite diverse, including areas of fertile alluvial soil, organic soils called histosols, and more-weathered tropical soils called oxisols. The main watercourse of the Costa is the Guayas River. Other rivers that flow to the ocean include the Cayapas, the Esmeraldas, the Naranjal, the Jubones, and the Santa Rosa. Numerous rivers originate in the mountains, pass through the hoyas of the Sierra, and flow either west to the Pacific coast or east to the Amazon River. The effectiveness of traditional methods of managing these soils has come to be more widely recognized, and such prehistoric techniques as embanked fields for runoff management (albarradas) and raised fields (artificially constructed earthen platforms built on shallow lakes or marshy areas) have been studied by development experts. President, National High School "Adolfo Valarezo," Loja. Throughout the 1980s and early 1990s, Ecuador stabilized politically and was run as a democracy, but in 1997 instability returned after Abdala Bucaram (who became president in 1996) was removed from office after claims of corruption. Information of Quito. Their flag is comprised of a yellow, blue and red stripe with the countryâs coat of arms directly in the middle of the horizontal flag. This is what the country is best known. Also, there are over 19,300 different plant species as well as 640 different bird species. Understanding these basic points about culture and traditions in Ecuador is a good start: Ecuador is located between Peru and Colombia in western South America. In the Sierra the rivers are torrential in their upper courses and become calmer in the plains areas but nonetheless remain unnavigable. Ecuador is one of the most environmentally diverse countries in the world, and it has contributed notably to the environmental sciences. Learn more about country history, maps and photos, statistics about education, religion, culture, and much more. Is Argentina a large country? 13 indigenous languages exist alongside Ecuador’s main language, which is Spanish. That’s right, just like Yellowstone National Park, the Chalupas Volcano in Ecuador has a massive caldera that spans 16 km (10 mi) throughout the Cotopaxi National Park. In Quito water boils at 90°C instead of 100°C. 20 Interesting Facts and Information about Cuenca, Ecuador Looking for the best facts about Cuenca, Ecuador? The western and central ranges of the Andes bordering the Sierra constitute the country’s highest and most continuous mountain chains. Let’s learn more by diving into these 17 interesting facts about Quito Ecuador: 1. Ecuador is a small country located in South America. Capital City: Quito Time Zone: UTC-05:00 Location: Ecuador lies in the northwestern corner of South America, bordered by Colombia to the north, Peru to the south and east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. The last time I was there, I really did not want to leave. Rivalry between Flores and Rocafuerte (1830–45), Breakdown of national government (1845–60), Economic development and loss of territory in the 1940s, Domination of Velasco Ibarra after World War II, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Ecuador, Ecuador - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Ecuador - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Ecuador is a popular retirement with a low cost of living and high quality of life. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Ecuador has made progress in making education available to disadvantaged classes and ethnic groups and to women. Professor of History and Geography, National University of Loja, Ecuador. The country has had its ups and down economically, but in recent years has flourished greatly and is once again becoming a country to watch in Latin America. This page gives you some interesting information about 100 culture facts about Ecuador, its culture and principal products. Ecuador is the country with the largest diversity of orchids in t… The Galápagos Islands are famous as the place of birth of Darwin's Theory of Evolution. Ecuador is one of 17 megadiverse countries in the world. Other large rivers include the Pastaza, Morona, and Santiago, all of which drain into the Marañón River in Peru. 17 Interesting Facts About Ecuador. However, the soils are typically underlain by a yellow hardpan, locally called cangahua, which is often exposed on eroded steeper slopes. Looking at historical Ecuador facts, we learn that the battle over the border between Ecuador and Peru was based on treaties involving Spain, Portugal and the emergent nations of Brazil, Colombia, Peru and Ecuador. Here is 17 interesting facts about Ecuador, a place I loved visiting and highly recommend. It sits at 2,850m above sea level. Formed by the juncture of the Daule and Babahoyo rivers and their affluents, the Guayas River is navigable for the greater part of its course. NOW 50% OFF! We’ll track down an answer for you. The highest is Chimborazo at 20,577 ft (6,272 m). Journey to South America: Fact or Fiction? Its history has been marked by political and economic challenges, including long periods of military rule, boom-and-bust economic cycles, and inequitable distributions of wealth. Climate: Because Ecuador is on the equator, the country has 12 hours of direct equatorial daylight all year round. Ecuador is home to 135 different nature reserves, wilderness areas, and national parks as well as 8 internationally important wetlands and 3 biosphere reserves. With it’s modern and colonial charm, it seems to offer something for everyone. Beyond this eastern cordillera, to the east, is the Amazon basin, extending below 900 feet (300 metres). The eroded topsoil accumulates on lower slopes and especially on flats, which form the most desirable locations for agriculture. Upscale services are rather comfortable facts about Ecuador, about equal in to. The best facts about the National music of Ecuador is the capital of Brazil known for its?. Buses are inexpensive and the interior of Ecuador is a small country located in South.! Of what is now Ecuador came to be included in the Costa the floodplains of the Amazon basin, below... Economics, residency, visa requirements, and much more basic facts and figures provide on... 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