acropora species guide
labiosa Brook, 1893 Atoll Research Bulletin, no. Acropora Coral. (2007). Nearly 60% of the acropora has one-size radial corallites, so if it is clear this identifying feature weÂ´ll have narrowed down the possibilities a lot. Bali Green Slimer) Acropora formosa Acropora microphthalma (i.e amazing job, Pablo….there are no words to describe it or to thank you. Type species; Coral Geographic Coral Geographic interactive map. In other words, Veron classification is extremely useful for acropora I, thus we will follow onwards. It only takes one event to infest your system.The hardiest Acropora species I have had tend to belong to the following light-loving species that can handle strong 10,000-20,000 Kelvin lighting: Acropora yongei (i.e. This thoughtful selection contains 3 different species of high quality Australian Acropora coral frags boasting varying color forms and growth habits for a truly noteworthy presentation. amazing job, Paul .... no words to describe nor to thank you. 1. Kingdom Animalia It is programmed in a MySQL database which has some advantages such as the operating speed and ease of editing featureâ¦ In order to facilitate understanding, I have taken leave of sort it “my way”, judge for yourself: And now we relax…no way, it is not so simple. Coral Identification Index. Article incredible luck to be well and thanks for the effort and share it with the world. We have two options: Not an easy feature to evaluate, except when we try to identify acropora with very spaced and scattered ones or so close that they are tocuching. Overview of Coral Distributions About one third of the acropora species have clearly separated corallites and another third clearly touching so there is a field for indeterminacy too high (the remaining third). Like the previous one, it only applies to wild acroporas, so it will not be very useful to identify acropora bought in a shop or from other hobbyist. 3) Outplant at a variety of sites to spread risk of mortality. Acropora rudis is a species of coral likely found in the central and eastern Indian Ocean from the Maldives to the western-most portion of Indonesia. Species: Acropora formosa. We recommend reading this article with the instructions before using the following tool, Eight tips for an enviable marine aquarium. It is very interesting to enter a number to know which are the similar species (in some of these aspects). Recent DNA sequence analyses suggested that Acropora prolifera is a hybrid between Acropora cervicornis and Acropora palmata, which backcrosses with the parental species at low frequency. Guide to the Philippine Flora and Fauna 5: 1-273. Feeding Considerations: Purple Acropora. If you had the patience to get to the end of this article, I can only congratulate you because you must be a passionate of the acroporas as I. Appressed corallite is the one that grows with its wall attached to the branch from which it springs. Other taxonomic issues. Greetings and Merry Christmas! My intention is to add more species as they are discovered, as it has happened with rongelapensis and spathulata to name two of them. Some other names they are known for are Staghorn Coral, Branching Coral, Acropora, and Formosa Acropora. Since the late 1970s, there has been a steady decline in live coral cover throughout the Caribbean [1, 2].This decline has included unprecedented mortality of two of the Caribbeanâs most historically important reef-building coral species, A.cervicornis and Acropora palmata [1, 3].Most of the acroporid mortality in the Caribbean was caused by disease and thermal-stress â¦ We must press this button every time we want to identify acropora or if we start again. It forms large field down the slope, probably all belonging to the same colony by branch fragmentation migrating down slope. Hello Monti, You have done a great job and hard thus surely…, Well-crafted work, intuitive and a reference for all lovers…, Article incredible luck to be well and thanks for the effort and…, Large colonies with thick branches, spiky and fused at the base. The Acropora coral-eating flatworm (AEFW), Prosthiostomum acroporae (Platyhelminthes: Polycladida: Prosthiostomidae) feeds on wild and cultivated Acropora species and its inadvertent introduction into reef tanks can lead to the rapid death of coral colonies. Hello Monti, You have done a great job and hard thus surely…, Well-crafted work, intuitive and a reference for all lovers…, Article incredible luck to be well and thanks for the effort and…, Acroporas with exserted radial corallites, Branches growing down and backwards (prostrate), Colonies corymbose to branching, radial corallites scale-like, Colonies forms clumps, branchlets well developed, Axial corallites not dominating colony shape. This makes that some texts can only be seen in my native language, Spanish, so I have taken the decision to write the filter in a more universal language such as English because most of my blog readers of are from various countries and it will be easier to understand for them. identify all acropora species here ! A long and rewarding journey that has taught me valuable aspects of life. So little…we must keep on working. Acropora corals are one of the primary reef builders in world's oceans and they are highly sought after by reef tank hobbyists for their remarkable growth rates and intense colors. Our packaging crew will hand select these pieces, and we are confident you will be pleased. In the United States it might be found in â¦ We have two possibilities: In the pictures below you can see examples: With this strange name we call the skeleton on which the coral tissue adheres. Strawberry Shortcake, the acropora that arises passions, Algae Reactor, a biological filter and much more, Hi, Pablo, I feel identified in your beginnings. Please do not e-mail photos to us without permission! Pictures of two primary genera of the Acroporidae family that together makes up almost one-third of all reef-building corals. An easily recognizable feature in most of the species, it is important not to look only at the tips of the branches, because in most cases the difference occurs only in the base and thicker branches. as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. Acropora species are some of the major reef corals responsible for building the immense calcium carbonate substructure that supports the thin living skin of a reef. Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. They may be similar or varied in size, and uniformly or irregularly distributed. Regrettably, This is very common and lots of the acropora found in the shops are misidentified. The two primary genera Acropora and Montipora together account for almost one-third of all hermatypic or reef-building coral species. The guide to acropora ID is a table with three columns: When no filter is applied we will see a complete list with 170 acropora species. Several axial corallites on each branch, Corymbose or turf shaped colonies with thick conical branches, Arborescent colonies with thick, finger-shaped and a bit spiky branches growing in all directions, Large arborescent colonies with vertical and spiky finger-shaped branches, Very large arborescent colonies. Acropora is a genus of small polyp stony coral in the phylum Cnidaria. Knowing the shape and arrangement of the radial corallites is essential as it is in most cases the main identifying feature of acropora. Three text fields that should not be touched (I will probably make them disappear in the next version). Acropora Care. They are some of the most challenging stony corals to keep. In addition, an acropora can vary the extent of their polyps depending on many factors such as its health, lighting, nutrients in the water and fish that might bother them to name a few. Similar Species: Acropora teres, A. abrolhosensis and A. copiosa. The Caribbean elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata) is a robust species that forms large colonies that can grow to be bigger than a human.As the branches grow, they fuse together to form broad branches, which break â¦ Here is a list of the easiest to keep acropora species if you would like try Birdsnest (Seriatopora) Monticap Digitata Slimers (yongei) Staghorns pocillopora Stylophora. But there is a third feature on the shape of these corallites that it is easy to identify and help focus the search accurately : the appressed corallite. Axial corallites are those that grow at the tips of the branches and are a distinguishing feature of the acropora genre since they are the only corals which possess them. Over 149 species are described. The appearance of the coenosteum only depends on the surface finish of this structure. Coral Taxonomy Taxon Finder. Knowing them is essential to apply the correct criteria that allow us to ID acropora. Having said that, Acropora are one of the most difficult corals to keep. But this malpractice is not limited to businesses and hobbyists, unfortunately it is very common among importers and, what is more serious, on the authorities responsible for the CITES regulations enforcement, who demonstrate to have a really disturbing ignorance. Colonies of Acropora rudis are tree-shaped with large, tapered branches reaching a maximum size of 19.5 inches. It is therefore a semi-automatic guide in which you can go discarding acropora species while applying these filters, something that greatly facilitate the task of acropora ID. What are they and how to combat them? Well-crafted work, intuitive and a reference for all lovers Acroporas. Welcome to ReefCentral. I just got a plate-shaped acropora, which group would it belong?? In the following example you can see two table-like acropora, acropora desalwii (orderly) and acropora jacquelineae (disorderly): One of the most inaccurate and difficult to evaluate features in acropora ID. Colonies are â¦ 2) Include colonies from as many donor colonies (and genotypes) as are available in the nurseries. We'll start with the most outward and visible features and keep on approaching the less obvious: It is one of the most important features, this is why it is very inaccurate to try to ID acropora from frags. Some of its species are known as table coral, elkhorn coral, and staghorn coral. So far there was no tool allowing acropora ID using simultaneous and visible filters throughout the process. That said, please bear in mind that weâre talking about many different species, so consult the specific Acro frag information and Acropora care guide on our site for each Acropora species that interests you. As I mentioned before in this article, corals in general and acropora in particular have a strong morphological dependence of the medium in which they are. A button to clear filters. You have done a great job and certainly hard both its length and its amount (and quality) of information. The brilliant Australian biologist proposes a rather curious and heterogeneous classification. Acropora multiacuta Nemenzo, 1967 Bibliographic References. Axial corallites can be classified in many ways, the more helpful ones in order to ID acropora are the following:: Here you can see an example of each of these types of axial corallite (except the large, prominent, hemispherical corallites since there are no species with this features): They are by far the most abundant and varied, not only in the acropora species but any hard coral. Habitat: Just as we have found it, Acropora russelli lives on deep protected slopes, often rubble/sandy, and below 25 m (75 ft) of water. No matter how well thought is the classification proposed by Veron, we must observe many morphological characteristics to correctly ID acropora. Acropora palmata Elkhorn Coral. The answer is that it can be in any of the groups 8, 9, 10, 17, 18, 19, 25, 28, 30, 31 and 35 and if it was not enough, it could also be a separate species belonging to other groups such as irregularis (group 7), seriata (group 11), retusa and samoensis (group 21), digitifera and sarmentosa (group 22), latistella, miriabilis and subulata (group 27), selago, tenuis and vermiculata (group 29), maryae, rosaria and verweyi (group 32), secale (group 33) or valida (group 35). Acropora species Acropora aspera Name Synonyms Acropora hebes (Dana, 1846) Acropora yaeyamaensis Eguchi & Shirai, 1977 Madrepora aspera Dana, 1846 Madrepora cribripora Dana, 1846 Madrepora hebes Dana, 1846 Madrepora hebes var. Please choose input type for columns that you want to edit. Colour: Usually cream, brown or blue, generally with pale branch ends. Introduction. Updated September 24, 2018 Author: Mike - FishLore Admin Social Media:. Cairns, Stephen D., 1999: Species richness of recent Scleractinia. In the above example we can see a loripes acropora extension of small polyps and extension acropora horrida large polyps. I advise not to make decisions based on this feature, it is wiser to leave it for a final check once the ID is completed. Many species of acropora are available aquacultured as "frags" (via fragmentation), both domestically and at many island groups throughout the Indo-Pacific. What are they and how to combat them? Dinoflagellates in the marine aquarium. Industrial engineer and marine life enthusiastic, I have maintained marine aquariums from 1.988. It is therefore a semi-automatic guide in which you can go discarding acropora species while applying these filters, something that greatly facilitate the task of acropora ID. Meanwhile, Charlie Veron developed a classification based on morphological criteria, specifically 38 groups in which there are important common characteristics. (Australia) Tri-color Acropora. Acropora are the crown jewel of the SPS world. Because of the sheer size of our forum, we've been forced to limit selling and trading to members who've met a couple of criteria. There is a general trend to acropora ID according to their coloration, branch thickness and the colony shape. There are so many necessary criteria for the acropora ID that any classification will be insufficient. Acropora are what many consider to be the king of SPS corals. This dependence is very pronounced as regards to the thickness of the branches, so that a colony located in an area with strong currents or wave strikes such as the outer reef crest will tend to produce much thicker and robust branches than other acropora of the same species located in shallow water and more protected from the force of the sea. No other Genus has the sheer number of species as Acropora and when reef aquarists talk about the requirements to keep an SPS system, they are talking specifically about the care requirements of Acropora. Corals we keep, and I am very satisfied corallites is essential as it is to an... Choice for any reef keeper migrating down slope was no tool allowing acropora ID using and. The world small polyps and extension acropora horrida large polyps regrettably, this is a work have... Does not have enough Calcium, it will not grow Register of Organisms. Land J: the Staghorn acropora acropora formosa was described by Dana in 1846 in other words Veron! Recent Scleractinia: acropora teres, A. abrolhosensis and A. copiosa work, intuitive a. It this duality in 51 acropora species are: Calcium acropora species guide 400 to 450 ppm ( closer 450... Article with the instructions before using the following tool, Eight tips for an enviable marine aquarium the Philippine and. Luck to be well and thanks for the effort and share it the... Acropora ( see its description later ) job, Pablo….there are no to... Amazing job, Paul.... no words to describe nor to thank you for columns that you want identify... Found before acropora species guide a dive follow onwards and thanks for the acropora species have appressed radial corallites it.., van der Land J Ocean and in at least one site French! To correctly ID acropora is the way they are some of these aspects ) and! From Indonesia to the end as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of marine Organisms species:... Main identifying feature of acropora species, with only to evaluating the of! Corymbose table shaped colonies with short branches, thick and orderly Media: said! A feature applicable to wild acropora, which is beyond the scope of this handbook Encrusting or table. Charlie Veron developed a classification based on morphological criteria, which are dependent... This feature to allow divers can get an idea of ââwhat can be found before making a dive will. Bw, van der Land J only depends on aspects such as and. Using the following tool, Eight tips for an enviable marine aquarium sites to spread of!: species richness of recent Scleractinia Wallace classification could be helpful if is... Interactive map 2 ) Include colonies from as many donor colonies ( genotypes! Be pleased are important common characteristics acropora palmata elkhorn Coral, Branching Coral, acropora are what many consider be... Small polyps and extension acropora horrida large polyps difficult corals to keep, elkhorn,. Are available in the Maldives in the nurseries from as many donor colonies ( and genotypes ) as are in! Branch ends interactive map proposes a genetic classification, which is beyond the scope of this handbook the correct that. Observed by ourselves since no shop will give acropora species guide that information to enter a number know. Spread risk of mortality is essential to apply the correct criteria that allow us to ID acropora morphological. 24, 2018 Author: Mike - FishLore Admin Social Media: and we confident! Corymbose table shaped colonies with short branches, thick and orderly commercial sector is highly variable from year year! Brown or blue, generally with pale branch ends by Dana acropora species guide 1846 above example we see... Feature applicable to wild acropora, which are the crown jewel of the acropora ID using simultaneous and filters... Aspects of life some suggestions for intermediate tortuosa Milipora Tenuis secale valida hoeksemai caroliniana abrotanoides nasuta acropora... Western and central Pacific, Veron classification is extremely acropora species guide for acropora I, thus we will follow onwards way. The nurseries how well thought is the one that grows with its wall to... 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Great job and certainly hard both its length and its amount ( and genotypes ) as are available in western! That grows with its wall attached to the Marshall Islands in the western and central.. Classifications ( Wallace and Veron ) aforementioned how well thought is the way are. A great job and certainly hard both its length and its amount ( and quality ) of.! Those relating to genetic and morphological classifications ( Wallace and Veron ).. A work that have held me busy long hours at the computer, for many weeks and... Branch fragmentation migrating down slope, which is beyond the scope of this handbook decided to Include this feature allow... Be pleased same colony by branch fragmentation migrating down slope our packaging crew hand... Flora and Fauna 5: 1-273 it will not grow difficult corals to keep A... Species nearby without damaging each other ) of information Tenuis secale valida hoeksemai caroliniana nasuta. Essential to apply the correct criteria that allow us to ID acropora contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of marine Organisms der! Here are some suggestions for intermediate tortuosa Milipora Tenuis secale valida hoeksemai caroliniana abrotanoides nasuta acropora. Of the acropora species September 24, 2018 Author: Mike - FishLore Social! Maldives in the shops are misidentified without damaging each other Encrusting or corymbose table shaped colonies with branches... Valuable aspects of life similar or varied in size, and uniformly or irregularly distributed above we! Good cup of coffee and go for it amazing job, Pablo….there are words. Relating to genetic and morphological classifications ( Wallace and Veron ) aforementioned on morphological criteria, specifically 38 in... In French Polynesia that any classification will be pleased of two primary genera of the easiest features to when. 38 groups in which there are important common characteristics all lovers Acroporas ID according to their coloration branch! Was described by Dana in 1846 primary genera of the most challenging corals! Sps corals work that have held me busy long hours at the computer, for weeks... Example we can see a loripes acropora extension of small polyps and extension acropora large! Milipora Tenuis secale valida hoeksemai caroliniana abrotanoides nasuta subuluta acropora palmata elkhorn Coral noted it this duality 51! That you want to identify acropora or if we start again and its amount ( and quality ) of.... Coffee and go for it amount ( and quality ) of information divers! You want to identify acropora or if we start again criteria that us. Or to thank you subuluta acropora palmata elkhorn Coral, and we are confident you will pleased. A long and rewarding journey that has taught me valuable aspects of.! Large polyps for any reef keeper corallite is the way they are found most abundantly in shallow tropical waters where... Its length and its amount ( and genotypes ) as are available in the commercial sector is variable. A maximum size of 19.5 inches, and uniformly or irregularly distributed appearance, Encrusting or table! Corals to keep identifying feature of acropora a variety of sites to spread risk of mortality visible filters throughout process... Quality ) of information most difficult corals to keep blue, generally with pale branch ends morphological.: Mike - FishLore Admin Social Media: for any reef keeper Organisms... Start again acropora, which is beyond the scope of this handbook before to. Aspects of life common characteristics, A. abrolhosensis and A. copiosa all lovers Acroporas that information in size and! Not have enough Calcium, it will not grow luck to be and... Found most abundantly in shallow tropical waters, where they house an of... Bibliographic References be similar or varied in size, and often are considered the pinnacle choice for any reef.... And extension acropora horrida large polyps by branch fragmentation migrating down slope palmata... Of 19.5 inches species are not aggressive and will tolerate other species nearby without damaging each other group Acros... Nearby without damaging each other allow divers can get an idea of ââwhat be... Belong?, Encrusting or corymbose table shaped colonies with short branches, thick and orderly scope of this.! Glance you can discard many species, with only to evaluating the degree of of.
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