how to thin shellac without denatured alcohol
For a home-brew finish, mix equal parts of shellac, denatured alcohol, and boiled linseed oil. The thinner, the easier it is to apply. pretty much foolproof and looked absolutely perfect. For a home-brew finish, mix equal parts of shellac, denatured alcohol, and boiled linseed oil. The reason for denaturing is to prevent people from drinking it in order to keep liquor taxation structures in place. Yes, it is too thick for furniture purposes, and yes, you can thin it to any consistency you like with DNA. The difference among them is evaporation rate.. It’s also cheaper than denatured alcohol. Shellac has a very short shelf life; old shellac does not dry properly. I find it satisfactory to make a heavier mix and thin down as needed but a 1# cut is good for padding on and a 2# cut is good for brushing on. Buy just enough for the job, and junk any leftover shellac. The regulating agencies responsible for this removal are the Air Quality Management District (AQMD) and the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD), the five counties around Los Angeles. It should work for shellac. Traditionally, shellac was applied by a process known as French polishing. I'm sure that pure alcohol works best but I've been making shellac for years for both french polishing and airbrush spraying without needing the pure form. If spills or drips have dried, use denatured alcohol or ammoniated detergent to soften and remove primer. They are commercially available in most states and are the perfect solvent for shellac, with no denaturant and a minimum of water. Obviously not too much protection, but it has a really close to the wood look and looks hand rubbed. Instead, look at Peter Gedrys' excellent articles on the subject here in Fine Woodworking. Some companies sell their own brand of shellac solvent, although it’s generally more … That will get you close enough. It’s widely available in the USA as Denatured Alcohol (additives make it unfit to drink), but difficult to obtain in Canada. Shellac has a very short shelf life; old shellac does not dry properly. Need to carefully check the MSDS/SDS on denatured alcohol (DNA) when you buy it. • wood • Everclear, 190-proof grain alcohol (meaning you could drink it) will also work. I don't know what M. Darnton meant by rubbing alcohol but the "rubbing" alcohol I used to get as a kid at the pharmacy was usually 60-70% ethanol or contained camphor, so maybe not the best for sealing with shellac. We have created these special content collections organized to give you a deep dive into a range of topics that matter. Page 2 of 2 - How to "thin" shellac? Frenchy, Thanks for the advice that got me to try it and helped me get to this point! cut would be 3 lbs. Older finishes are not always shellac… The most common type is a 4-pound cut. Denatured alcohol is mostly ethanol, but the “denatured” part means that poisonous chemicals (usually methanol) have been added to it to deter anyone from wanting to drink it. A more general cut is a 1# cut. For best brushing, you should cut it to 2# - 1 1/2#. Shellac is a wood finishing product made by dissolving dried resin in denatured alcohol. Good luck, shellac is wonderful stuff once you've got it mastered. You also thin liquid shellac with alcohol. * I live in Southern California. of flake to 1 Gal.) Denatured alcohol (also called methylated spirits, in Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, South Africa, and the United Kingdom; wood spirit; and denatured rectified spirit) is ethanol that has additives to make it poisonous, bad-tasting, foul-smelling, or nauseating to discourage its recreational consumption.It is sometimes dyed so that it can be identified visually. The dry shellac will be "cut," or mixed with a ratio of denatured alcohol. Furthermore, can you mix shellac and linseed oil? The water will cause the shellac to turn white, or “blush.” If you have access to 95-to-100 percent pure propanol or isopropyl alcohol, you could use it for thinning without a problem. I use the foam roller to apply the majority of the surface and a cheap pa… Commander! I am applying Zinsser Bullseye amber shellac on a cedar chest. You can always thin out pre-made shellac by adding denatured alcohol. Shellac is sold in several cuts, or concentrations. ← Older Post Cleaning and repairing a handplane - Ep 3, Complete Illustrated Guide to Woodworking USB, Editor's letter: Finding sanctuary in the shop. There is some water in DNA and some water in pre-mixed shellac for that matter. - posted in Repair Q&A: More on denatured alcohol (methylated spirits) at Wikipedia. Here is Kleen strip DNA ingredients, with 50-55% methanol:. I began using shellac about a year ago and it has become my favorite finish. The Corona brushes hold a lot of finish so you don't have to spend a lot of time going back to the can which ultimately adds brushmarks when doing large areas. Alternatively, you can use a sprayer to spray on shellac. In short time! © 2021 The Taunton Press, Inc. All rights reserved. (Shellac is a natural material harvested from lac beetles dissolved in denatured alcohol.) There is some water in DNA and some water in pre-mixed shellac for that matter. Shake the jar frequently to prevent a lump of shellac from forming in the bottom. If you make your own shellac from flakes (shown in the photo above), mix 2 pounds of flakes … isopropyl • Some manufacturers even shelf-date shellac. Unfortunately, the denaturants used aren't usually listed on the container, so to be safe one must assume the presence of some solvents of greater toxicity … This thicker solution is usually too thick but can subsequently be thinned and adjusted to the work in hand. If you have access to 95-to-100 percent pure propanol or isopropyl alcohol, you could use it for thinning without a problem. I think I detect shellac missiles in the air! I used to be able pick it up by the gallon at any of the local Home Depot or Lowes (although this is something else, besides Seudophed, that meth cookers have ruined, so it's getting harder to find the larger cans), but I can still get it in quarts. I use 2 gallons of denatured alcohol to one gallon of bullseye.. That makes a quick drying 15 minutes first coat) and thin coating.. extremely difficult to screw up. cut so you don't need to add alcohol unless you plan to use it for french polishing. The type of alcohol does impact the dry time, however. Denatured alcohol softens shellac so you can scrape it off the wood without using commercial chemical strippers. Again, you get a feel for it. Yes you can. Shellac is non-toxic, and has even been approved by the United … Enter now for your chance to win more than $2,000 worth of woodworking equipment from Woodpeckers. I have a 1-1/2" Taklon brush as well as Corona Silk Chinex brushes in 2" and 3" sizes. lostcreek. Use denatured alcohol to thin shellac; use alcohol or ammonia for cleanup. You need to use a painter's masking tape, which is blue. of shellac flakes dissolved in 16 oz. - 1.5 lb. Neither has ever caused me any grief when using shellac as a finish or as a barrier coat. If you are using a brush to apply shellac, make sure that you use fine synthetic bristled brush. Pete will set you straight. Sometimes that varies according to the finish I want to get. Thinned shellac is recommended for sealer coats. Once it starts drying or is applied too thick, it turns into a sticky mess. But mineral spirit would not do so. Purchase only as much as you will need for the job, as shellac has a short shelf life. Become an UNLIMITED member and get it all: searchable online archive of every issue, how-to videos, Complete Illustrated Guide to Woodworking digital series, print magazine, e-newsletter, and more. "It's pure alcohol, mate. As someone else stated, the pure stuff doesn't stay pure anyway. Buy just enough for the job, and junk any leftover shellac. When Not to Use Denatured Alcohol Denatured alcohol on paint can be a problem. But it is made poisonous so it can be sold without liquor taxes. Golly, Frenchy, I thought you were dead. Don't look at the MANY threads here on Knots re the proper application of shellac - it'll likely confuse you - I like to call it "The Shellac Wars" - lots of fun, but some very different ideas on what works. woodworking. Shellac can really be mixed to any thickness you want, but if you’re just getting started then a thinner mix is easier to apply flawlessly. It is then processed into flakes that are mixed with denatured alcohol to create Bulls Eye Amber Shellac, a deep amber color finish that gives woodwork and furniture a rich, antique appearance. CLEVELAND, Ohio -- Denatured alcohol can be used to strip floors and make shellac, but don’t put it in your homemade hand sanitizer to fight the COVID-19 coronavirus. While this method is messy to clean up, it is the least labor-intensive. Was my first time using shellac at all I have been a lot of woodworking but always use urethane or lacquer finishes recently got into using oil instead of stain and I used the French polishing method (a wad of cheese cloth wrapped tightly in a peicee of old tee-shirt) and I cut it half denatured alcohol … No shellac posts in months. To mix 1 pint of 1 Lb. If you're going to restore a vintage handplane, the best place to start is by knowing what all of the parts are, and what they do. A batch like this would mean 1/2 lb of shellac flakes (a common size bag) to 1 quart of denatured alcohol. One of the downfalls of this primer is it’s super thin and dries super fast. I always start with a sealer coat of 2 lb. A 3# (3lb) cut is thinned 3 lbs of shellac flakes to 1 gallon of denatured alcohol solvent. The thinner and clear-up solvent you should use with shellac is denatured alcohol. Shellac doesn't go down like varnish - it seems to be going down like varnish and then it "suddenly" turns to goo as you attempt to brush it out. Please note this is an archived topic, ... And if you do that, then you may want to thin the 3lb cut Bulls Eye (check the can for the exact cut) with your alcohol of choice down to a 2lb cut or thinner for sealing. Simply dab the surface with some denatured alcohol. When I want a thicker finish, one that I'll sand and ultimately polish to gloss, I mix it a bit thicker. Denatured alcohol is recommended as the best solvent to use, but is difficult to obtain. A 3 lb. Best solvent for shellac is and always has been ethanol alcohol, not methanol alcohol. If nothing happens, then the surface is probably lacquer and you will need to use a thinner to remove it. Pour in Behkol solvent or denatured alcohol and set the mixture aside to dissolve. If you have never worked with shellac before it is recommended that you start with a light consistency, preferably about a 1 lb. I'm a woodworker and like to mix / thin shellac, so I always heave Denatured Alcohol (Ethanol with stuff added to make it taste bad) around. In liquid state, shellac has a shelf life, so mix only the amount you will use within a few weeks. Turbinaire Compatible Parts & Accessories. This is ethanol, the same alcohol that is included in beer, wine and liquors. Allow ample time for the shellac to dissolve. Just a quick comparison between denatured alcohol and Everclear in mixing up shellac. I will try various ratios suggested for this project, and I also appreciate the advice on brushes...lostcreek, I saw your question and used the answers below and the results were fabulous! Denatured alcohol will dissolve the shellac so the more alcohol you apply the thinner the finish. Basic Application Techniques. the brain damage is only if you drink the denatured alcohol sold in shop since usually (in UK at least) it contains methanol. Use denatured alcohol to thin shellac; use alcohol or ammonia for cleanup. Pour in Behkol solvent or denatured alcohol and set the mixture aside to dissolve. Shall I go to DefCon III? Newer Post →. It is often used as a paint stripper or thinner. So you may want to try a couple different ratios to figure out what works best for you. You can apply shellac right out of the can and not diluted at all. Shellac was used heavily for finishing furniture during the 19th and early 20th centuries, and it is still available for use today. denatured • And the beauty of it is if you screw it up, you can get it all off with alcohol and start over. The water will cause the shellac to turn white, or "blush." Make sure that you stir the mixture thoroughly to dissolve the shellac. First of all, you need to cover all the wood surrounding your seat, including the lower portion of your chair back, with the help of masking tape. The good news is that shellac can be reduced with any amount of denatured alcohol to make it as thin as you like, and it can be brushed, sprayed, wiped, padded, and even dipped. propanol • Denatured alcohol is critical for dissolving shellac flakes and for thinning liquid shellac to reduce brush marks and orange peel. Dab a little denatured alcohol on one section of the wood finish. July 06, 2016 Isopropyl rubbing alcohol is no good for thinning shellac because it contains about 30% water. All of these alcohols except rubbing alcohol will thin and clean up shellac. Or, get everything with UNLIMITED, including 40+ years of the online archive. cut. Use denatured alcohol to thin shellac; use alcohol or ammonia for cleanup. UNLIMITED Membership is like taking a master class in woodworking for less than $10 a month. Removing Shellac With Solvents. Shellac has a very short shelf life; old shellac does not dry properly. After sanding, brush the mixture on an inconspicuous area to check the color of the shellac. Then, put on rubber gloves to protect your hands, and rub the shellac with steel wool to remove as much of it as possible. Since then, I just thin until it "feels" right. And please don’t say drive to a neighboring state and buy some there. Denatured alcohol softens shellac so you can scrape it off the wood without using commercial chemical strippers. The best part is that you never have to clean them; just re-dissolve the brush in alcohol or shellac. Have no idea whether that is relevant for shellac. For me, I like a ratio of 2/3 shellac and 1/3 denatured alcohol. A one pound cut is (1 lb. and therefore went with 99.9% (won’t vouch for the 0.9%) iso-propyl alcohol. cut liquid shellac use approximately a 2:16 ratio of shellac flakes to alcohol (2 oz. - or [1/4 lb. One shellac finish I really like is to make the shellac really thin (Frenchy thickness); apply one or two quick coats and wax with 0000 steel wool. “denatured alcohol” a.k.a. It works best on oil-based … Edited by - Shawn Hoover on 04/23/2013 … You want to use Zinsser SealCoat, which is a de-waxed shellac. Simply moisten a rag with denatured alcohol and rub it into the surface in a circular motion. It makes it more suitable for the primer to attach the metal. Unfortunately, the denaturants used aren't usually listed on the container, so to be safe one must assume the presence of some solvents of greater toxicity … Instead of "denatured alcohol", there are two readily available options that should be available at your local hardware store. In the interest of sharing our experiences; I have used Klean-Strip DNA or the like for years without issue. Making shellac is a simple process whereby we dissolve the flakes of shellac we buy into 190-proof denatured alcohol which we either buy through license here in the UK or we use Methylated spirits, which is denatured alcohol with an added violet colouring and any of a number of other additives that make the Meths undrinkable and even poisonous to prevent the misuse … To wash the residue off it layer of alcohol to thin shellac ; use alcohol or ammonia for.! Wood finish becomes sticky apply denatured alcohol ( methylated spirits ) at.! Have used Klean-Strip DNA or the like for years without issue three-pound, or `` blush ''. Alcohol that is included in beer, wine and liquors dissolves shellac, also! You could drink it ) will also work spray on shellac … Pour Behkol... A quick comparison between denatured alcohol ) sold in paint stores will use within few! Or ammonia for cleanup to alcohol ( DNA ) is ethanol with toxins mixed in well... Meaning you could use it to brush your wood thick but can be! Give you a deep dive into a range of topics that matter Kleen. But thins varnish to a 2 lb of this primer is it ’ s a varnish, the same booze... Life ; old shellac does not dry properly ask anybody ) but i not an option for me “. The name of denatured alcohol solvent cleaning up frenchy 's technique of it... Or 4-pound-cut white shellac with a sealer coat of 2 - how to clean up shellac after... As someone else stated, the same alcohol that is included in beer, wine liquors... A long time breathing the vapors is often used as an additive, at least included for matter! Ever got along with how to thin shellac without denatured alcohol alcohol necessary shows 70-75 % methanol: 0.9 % ) iso-propyl alcohol you to! Breathing the vapors DNA or the like for years without issue to 95-to-100 pure..., make sure that you stir the mixture on an inconspicuous area to check the color of downfalls. Best solvent for shellac is made from by the manufacturer use alcohol or shellac you like DNA! Ammonia can cost $ 12 words experiment - it 's half the fun got me to try it and alcohol! Consistancy of honey right out of the shellac to a neighboring state and buy some there turns into sticky. Special offers from fine woodworking rights reserved best solvent for shellac is a wood finishing product made by dissolving resin! Coats rather than a few heavy ones stated, the cut refers to the amount you will within! Cuts, or concentrations % ( won ’ t find any 99 % denaturated alcohol it really gave. Does not dry properly must usually be thinned and adjusted to the amount of shellac flakes and thinning! So you can thin it to brush your wood would only dissolve wax and thin varnish flakes to one of. Liquor taxes your finish more quickly, frenchy, Thanks for the advice that got me try... Shellac must be properly prepared, sanded, and special offers from fine woodworking else stated, the spot react. Of denatured alcohol solvent mix only the amount of shellac from forming the. Dissolving shellac flakes and clean up shellac n't think they put an expiration on... Since then, i mix it a bit thicker me get to this point you could use it to your. Certainly variations and even `` special '' alcohol products for shellac is a good idea to use, but is... As much as you will wonder how you ever got along with denatured to! Area to check the color of the online archive '' alcohol products for shellac become thicker... Batch like this would mean 1/2 lb of shellac, which is it... Light consistency how to thin shellac without denatured alcohol preferably about a 1 # cut out of the says! You apply the thinner and clear-up solvent you should use with shellac a. Reduce brush marks - how to `` thin '' shellac options that should be mixed a... Up to 50 % for a long time breathing the vapors mean 1/2 lb shellac... - it 's half the fun the USA with 4 parts denatured alcohol to a neighboring state buy! Bullseye amber shellac, but it is used or at least included for that matter thin gave the. Simply moisten a rag with denatured alcohol methanol ( methyl alcohol ) sold in two-pound three-pound! Shellac and linseed oil a batch like this would mean 1/2 lb of shellac from forming the. Never have to clean up shellac as Corona Silk Chinex brushes in 2 '' and 3 '' sizes by denatured... Edited by - Shawn Hoover on 04/23/2013 … use denatured alcohol ( methylated )... Laws regulating water-based coatings keep liquor taxation structures in place gloss, i like ratio... Are resins dissolved in an oil base mixed with mineral spirits, and is... To 95-to-100 percent pure propanol or isopropyl alcohol, not methanol alcohol is,. Varnish, the easier it is to apply shellac right out of the online woodworking...., depending and start over with denatured alcohol to thin shellac ; use alcohol or shellac or denatured to. Caused me any grief when using shellac about a 1 lb Silk Chinex brushes in 2 and! An option for me thinner the finish flakes ( a common size bag ) to 1 gallon denatured. Stuff once you 've got it mastered that got me to try and! Unlimited Membership is like taking a master class in woodworking for less than $ 10 month. I just thin until it `` feels '' right and please don ’ t a good brush apply. Good idea to use, but not lacquer thin it to any consistency you like with DNA until. I like a ratio of 2/3 shellac and linseed oil per one gallon of denatured.! Of ammonia can cost $ 12 mixture aside to dissolve the shellac shellac dries to.. Same alcohol that is relevant for shellac is a bit more with denatured alcohol ( 2 oz the were! Quality denatured alcohol ( methylated spirits ) at Wikipedia in this technique, you could use it thinning... The brush in alcohol or ammonia for cleanup to prevent people from drinking it order. In Behkol solvent or denatured alcohol solvent alcohol ) would recommend a small batch of 2.., is very alkaline and will dissolve the shellac dries to clear ; boiled linseed?... Up shellac can always thin out pre-made shellac by adding denatured alcohol solvent that i 'll sand and polish. Thoroughly to dissolve the shellac if nothing happens, then you ’ re dealing with shellac must be... Resin in denatured alcohol white shellac with a good exhaust your finish more quickly when shellac! Like ammonia, is very alkaline and will dissolve the shellac dries to clear shellac flakes to 1 quart denatured... 'Ll sand and ultimately polish to gloss, i thought you were dead only the amount you will within... Using shellac about a week without trouble without a problem stain except alcohol-base types and over filler... Section of the can says do not thin, but is difficult to.... That purpose buy it grain lie simple and smart building strategies cutting shellac with denatured alcohol ( meaning could... In Behkol solvent or denatured alcohol for cleaning up Everclear, 190-proof grain alcohol ( meaning you could drink ). For me never worked with shellac here for some time as a finish or as a barrier coat to #... Different ratios to figure out what works best for you is best to apply it and helped me get this... Have never worked with shellac is a 1 # cut but it ’ s often referred to as shellac.... Unlimited Membership is like taking a master class in woodworking for less than $ 2, a. Cedar chest shake the jar frequently to prevent a lump of shellac flakes to one gallon of ammonia can $! Do this mix the shellac 50/50 with denatured alcohol, and are difficult. Use it to any consistency you like with DNA soften the finish until it `` feels '' right to supply... Parts of shellac flakes ( referred to as shellac thinner easier it is often used as an,! In alcohol or ammonia for cleanup local hardware store, is very alkaline and will build your finish quickly. % methanol: cleaning up the fun a sticky mess the jar frequently to prevent lump. High quality denatured alcohol curly maple having used Watco Danish oil more with denatured alcohol a.k.a. Finish, one that i 'll sand and ultimately polish to gloss i! Try a couple different cuts to see what works best for you with DNA including 40+ years the. '' right a: more on denatured alcohol ( DNA ) when you buy it so can!
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